Dizziness can be termed as a feeling of unbalance, being lightheaded, or woozy. It may lead to fainting although it is not a disease but a symptom of several disorders. The disequilibrium and vertigo can lead to dizziness but these are different kinds of symptoms. Vertigo causes a spinning sensation with a feeling that the room is moving. It may appear like motion sickness when you are leaning to one side. Equilibrium, as the name suggests, is a loss of balance. The true dizziness is a feeling of nearly fainting or lightheadedness.
Some common causes leading to dizziness are medicine, migraine, and alcohol. It also can occur as a result of problems in the inner ear where the balance is regulated. Vertigo can also cause dizziness. The most common kind of vertigo that causes dizziness is BPV or Benign Positional Vertigo. It results is short-term dizziness if somebody changes his position suddenly similar to sitting up in the bed while lying down. Vertigo and dizziness are also triggered by Meniere’s disease which causes fluid buildup inside the ear and is related to hearing loss, ear fullness, and tinnitus. Some other possible causes of dizziness are,
- anxiety disorders
- heart muscle disease
- a sudden drop in blood pressure
- anemia (low iron)
- a decrease in blood volume
- hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
- ear infection
- excessive exercise
- motion sickness
In some rare cases, dizziness can be caused by a stroke, multiple sclerosis, a brain disorder, or a malignant tumor.
There are various sensations you feel when you have dizziness such as,
- lightheadedness or fainting
- a feeling of swimming or floating
- loss of balance
- a false sense as if you are spinning
Many times the dizziness is accompanied by vomiting, nausea, or fainting. If you have any of these symptoms get medical help. You obviously need to call your doctor if you keep on getting repeated spells of dizziness.
Dizziness/vertigo treatments generally concentrate on the underlying causes. In many cases, medical treatment is very helpful in controlling the dizziness symptoms. Any issues with the inner ear may be managed by taking medicine and domestic exercises which help in controlling balance and perhaps even the use of hearing aids. It is possible to resolve the BPV by using maneuvers which will help in alleviating the symptoms. Surgery can also be an option for patients with uncontrolled BPV.
It is significant that you sit down or lie down when you are dizzy and take rest while the spell of dizziness goes away. This can reduce the chance of loss of balance that can cause a fall and lead to serious injuries. If you suspect that you may have a hearing loss, consider contacting Countryside Hearing Aids Services to get your hearing tested. By have a hearing test done, you will at least know for sure whether you have hearing impairment or not.
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